Candidates lists need to receive more than 7 percent of “the votes of the voters” to qualify for the allocation of parliamentary proportional mandates, but the Election Code does not specify how the value of the threshold is calculated. It is recommended that the Election Code specifies the manner by which this number is calculated, and that only valid votes are taken into consideration for this purpose. Furthermore, and fundamental to this issue, European practice indicates that this threshold is usually in the range 3 – 5 percent.
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The VOTA database was created within the framework of the joint programme between the Venice Commission and the European Commission "Democracy through free and fair elections". It is managed jointly by the Secretariat of the Venice Commission and by the Mexican Electoral Tribunal of the Federal Judiciary (TEPJF).