Secrecy of the vote is not the same as secrecy of who has voted. People present in the polling station will know who has voted and who has not, even if they do not know who the person has voted for. Information on who has voted should not be broadly shared or published in any systematic manner. The Code of Good Practice in Electoral Matters states that the list of persons actually voting should not be published. In the context of Armenian elections, stamping the identification documents could be seen as intimidating in the sense that public benefits could be affected by a stamp or a missing stamp. While this requirement is an improvement in the efforts to prevent multiple voting, some voters may be concerned that it leaves a permanent record of whether someone has voted or not in that person’s identification document. The introduction of indelible inking a voter’s finger, as previously recommended by the Venice Commission and OSCE/ODIHR, would not identify as to whether or not a voter has voted, as the ink would disappear after few days.
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The VOTA database was created within the framework of the joint programme between the Venice Commission and the European Commission "Democracy through free and fair elections". It is managed jointly by the Secretariat of the Venice Commission and by the Mexican Electoral Tribunal of the Federal Judiciary (TEPJF).