Substantively, the representation threshold is high by absolute and comparative standards. The system asks voters to endorse a single candidate rather than a party list, and then allocates seats in proportion to the electoral strength of parties (that is, blocs of candidates). It also makes it possible for an independent candidate to be elected, if he or she wins 3% of the vote.
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The VOTA database was created within the framework of the joint programme between the Venice Commission and the European Commission "Democracy through free and fair elections". It is managed jointly by the Secretariat of the Venice Commission and by the Mexican Electoral Tribunal of the Federal Judiciary (TEPJF).