Home > 4.1.1 Lower house > MEXICO- General Law on Electoral Institutions and Procedures of Mexico
 
 
 
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Article 226
 

226.1. The internal processes for the selection of candidates for elective offices are the group of activities carried out by the political parties and the contenders for these of f ces, in accordance with the established in this Law and in the Statutes, regulations, agreements and other provisions of a general character approved by the management bodies of each political party.


226.2. At least thirty days before the formal start of the processes referred to in the previous paragraph, each party will decide, in accordance with its Statutes, the applicable procedure for the selection of its candidates for elective offices, according to the corresponding election. The decision should be communicated to the General Council within the seventy-two hours following its approval, specifying the date of the beginning of the internal process; the method or methods to be used; the date of issue of the corresponding call; the time periods of each phase of the internal process; the management bodies responsible for running and monitoring it; the date when the national, state or district electoral assembly will be held or, where applicable, when the internal election day will be held, according to the following:


a) During the federal electoral processes in which the head of the Federal Executive Branch and the two Chambers of the Congress of the Union are renewed, the pre-campaigns will begin in the third week of November of the year prior to that of the election. They cannot last for more than sixty days;


b) During the federal electoral processes in which only the House of Representatives is renewed, the pre-campaigns will begin in the first week of January of the election year. They cannot last for more than forty days, and c) Regarding pre-campaigns, they will begin the day after the approval of the internal registration of the pre-candidates. The pre-campaigns of all the parties should be held during the same periods.


3. The pre-candidates for candidacies for elective offices who participate in the internal selection process called by each party cannot carry out proselytizing activities or distribute propaganda by any means before the starting date of the pre-campaigns. The violation of this regulation will be sanctioned by denying the registration as pre-candidate.


4. The political parties will use the airtime in radio and television corresponding to them according to this Law for the dissemination of their internal selection process of candidates for elective of f ces, in accordance with the rules and standards established by the Institute. The properly registered pre-candidates can access radio and television exclusively through the airtime in these media that corresponds to the political party that they aim to be nominated by.


5. The pre-candidates for candidacies for elective off ces are forbidden, at any time, from purchasing or procuring propaganda or any other form of personal promotion in radio or television. The violation of this rule will be sanctioned by denying the registration as pre-candidate or, where applicable, with the cancellation of this registration. If a violation of this rule is con f rmed after the date of the nomination of the candidate by the corresponding party, the Institute will refuse the legal registration of the offender.