Article 4. Universal Suffrage and Right to Participate in Referendum 1. A citizen of the Russian Federation who has attained to the age of 18 years shall be entitled to elect, vote at a referendum; and upon reaching the age set forthestablished by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal laws, constitutions (charters) and laws of subjects of the Russian Federation, he shall be entitled to be elected to the bodies of state power, bodies of local self-government. A citizen of the Russian Federation who has attained to the age of 18 years on voting day, shall be entitled to participate in any other electoral activities and other activities related to the preparation and conduct of a referendum that are established by law and implemented with by legal methods. 2. A citizen of the Russian Federation may elect, be elected, or participate in a referendum regardless of the sex, race, ethnicity, language, origin, property and official status, place of residence, religion, beliefs, affiliation to public associations and other factors. 3. Citizens declared incapable by a court or held in custody under a court sentence shall not be entitled to elect and be elected or to participate in a referendum. 4. A citizen residing within the boundaries of the relevant electoral district shall be entitled to the active electoral right. The absence of a citizen of the Russian Federation from his place of residence in the period of elections in the electoral district containing such place of residence shall not constitute grounds for depriving the citizen of the right to participate in the elections to elections of bodies of state power of the relevant subject of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self-government. The law may grant the active electoral right to a citizen residing outside the relevant electoral district. 5. Any limitation of the passive electoral right due to the location of the place of residence of a citizen of the Russian Federation in a certain area of the Russian Federation, including qualifications related to the duration of the period of residence in such area, shall be established by the Constitution of the Russian Federation only. 6. Additional conditions for the exercise by a citizen of the Russian Federation of his passive electoral right, preventing one and the same person from occupying one and the same elective offices for more than a certain number of consecutive terms may be established by a federal law, the constitution (charter), or a law of a subject of the Russian Federation. 7. In the eventIf there exists an effective court decision in relation to a citizen of the Russian Federation that disfranchises disfranchising such citizen from the right to hold occupy state and/or municipal offices for a certain period, during a certain period when such citizen shall not be registered as a candidate if voting at elections to elections of bodies of state power, bodies of local self-government is held before the expiration of such the said period. 8. Additional age-related qualifications for Russian Federation citizens to exercise their passive electoral rights may be established by the constitutions (charters) or lLaws of subjects of the Russian Federation. The minimum age established for a candidate shall not exceed 21 years for elections to elections of the legislative (representative) bodies of state power of subjects of the Russian Federation, 30 years for elections of the head of the Executive bodytop executive of a subject of the Russian Federation and 21 years for election to election of bodies of local self-government. No maximum age limit shall be established. 9. Full-time deputiesDeputies working on a permanent basis or elective officials shall not occupy any other paid offices or be involved in paid activities, with the exception of teaching, scientific, or other creative activities; deputies of federal bodies of state power or bodies of state power of subjects of the Russian Federation shall not occupy other state offices, elective municipal offices, municipal offices of municipal service, be deputies of other representative bodies of state power, or representative bodies of local self-government; deputies of representative bodies of local self-government shall not occupy municipal offices of municipal service, be deputies of representative bodies of state power. Other restrictions related to the status of a deputy or an elective official may be established by a federal law. 10. Under international treaties of the Russian Federation and in accordance with due legal procedure, foreign citizens who permanently reside on the territory of a relevant municipality shall have the right to elect and be elected to bodies of local self-government, be involved in other electoral activities at such elections, and participate in a local referendum on the same conditions as citizens of the Russian Federation.