Home > 1.1.3 Submission of candidatures > GEORGIA - Extracts of Constitution
 
 
 
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Article 50
 

1. A political association of citizens registered in accordance with a procedure determined by law, the initiative of which is confirmed by the signatures of electors in accordance with the Organic Law of Georgia or which has a representative in the Parliament at the time elections are scheduled, shall have the right to stand for the elections. The number of the signatures of electors determined by the Organic Law of Georgia shall not exceed 1% of number of electors. Rules and conditions for participation in the election through the majoritarian system shall be determined by the election legislation (12.03. 2008 N 5853 ).



2. The mandates of the members of the Parliament under proportional system shall be distributed only among those political unions and electoral blocs, who obtain at least 5% of the votes of the voters, participated in the elections. After distribution of the mandates of MPs, those electoral subjects, which gathered mandates less than that is required to establish parliamentary faction, shall be added mandates in accordance with the legislation of Georgia unless they gather necessary number of mandates for establishment of a faction. Distribution of mandates among MPs elected under majoritarian system shall be determined by the Electoral Legislation.



2.1. Regular parliamentary elections shall be held in October of the year when the Parliament’s term of office expires. The President of Georgia shall fix the date of elections within not later than 60 days before the elections.


3. If the date of holding the elections coincides with a state of emergency or martial law, the elections shall be held not later than 60 days after the state has been lifted. The President of Georgia shall fix the date of elections upon lifting of the state of emergency or martial law. In case of dissolution of the Parliament, extraordinary elections shall be held on the 60th day after enforcement of the order on the dissolution of the Parliament, the date of which shall be fixed by the President of Georgia upon enforcement of the order on the dissolution of the Parliament.


3.1. The Parliament shall terminate the activity upon the enforcement of the order of the President on the dissolution of the Parliament. From the enforcement of the order of the President on the dissolution of the Parliament to the first convocation of the newly elected Parliament the dissolved Parliament shall assemble only in case of declaration of a state of emergency or martial law by the President to decide on the issues of prolongation or/and approval a state of emergency or martial law. In case the Parliament is not assembled within 5 days or does not approve (prolong) the order of the President on the declaration (prolongation) of a state of emergency, the announced state of emergency shall be cancelled. In case the Parliament does not approve the order of the President on the declaration (prolongation) of a state of martial law within 48 hours, the state of martial law shall be cancelled. Convocation of the Parliament shall not result in restoration of the offices and salaries of the members of the Parliament. The Parliament shall terminate an activity upon the adoption of a decision on the above mentioned issues.


4. The authority of the Parliament shall be terminated upon the first convocation of the newly elected Parliament.


5. The election procedure of a member of the Parliament as well as inadmissibility to stand for the elections shall be determined by the Constitution and the Organic Law.