Home > 1.1.3 Submission of candidatures > RUSSIAN FEDERATION - Federal Law on Elections of Deputies to the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation
 
 
 
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Article 4
 

1. A citizen of the Russian Federation who has attained the age of 18 as of voting day shall be entitled to elect deputies of the State Duma in the federal electoral district.


2. A citizen of the Russian Federation who has attained the age of 18 as of voting day and who is the resident of an electoral district shall be entitled to elect deputies of the State Duma in the corresponding electoral district. A citizen who has attained the age of 18 on the voting day and has been registered at the place of a temporary residence at the territory of electoral district not less than 3 months before the voting day and who is included in the voter list in accordance with part 11 of Article 17 of this Law also has a right to elect deputies in this district.


3. A citizen of the Russian Federation who has attained the age of 18 as of voting day has a right to participate in the nomination of candidates (hereinafter referred to as “candidates”), federal lists of candidates, in the election campaigning, in the monitoring of the conduct of the election and the work of election commissions, including determination of vote returns and establishment of election results, and in the performance of other electoral actions, according to the procedure established by this Federal Law, and other federal laws.


4. A citizen of the Russian Federation who has attained the age of 21 on the voting day is eligible to be elected deputy of the State Duma.


5. A citizen of the Russian Federation who resides or stays outside the Russian Federation shall enjoy electoral rights at the elections of deputies to the State Duma equal to those of other citizens of the Russian Federation. The diplomatic representations and consular offices of the Russian Federation shall assist a citizen of the Russian Federation in exercise of their electoral rights.


6. A citizen of the Russian Federation who is recognized incapable by a court of law or imprisoned under the sentence of a court of law is not eligible to vote and stand for elections or participate in performance of other electoral actions.


7. A citizen of the Russian Federation who has a citizenship or residence permit of a foreign state as well as another document that proves his right to reside at the territory of a foreign state does not have the right to be elected to the State Duma.


8. The following citizens of the Russian Federation do not have the right to be elected:


1) convicted by a court to imprisonment for committing serious or (and) grave crime if the voting is to take place before the expiration of the period for which the abovementioned sentence has effect;


2) convicted by a court for committing serious – within 10 years from the date of removal or cancelation of conviction;


3) convicted by a court for committing grave crime – within 15 years from the date of removal or cancelation of conviction;


4) convicted by a court for committing a crime of extremists nature, prescribed by a Criminal Code if the voting is to take place before the expiration of the period for which the abovementioned sentence has effect if such a citizen of the Russian Federation are not covered by paragraphs 2 and 3 of this Part;


5) sentenced for administrative offenses provided for in Articles 20.3 and 20.29 of the Code of Administrative Offences, if the voting is to take place before the end of the period during which a person is considered to be under administrative offence; 


6) in respect of whom a court decision entered into force, establishing a violation of the restrictions imposed by paragraph 1 of Article 56 of the Federal Law "On Basic Guarantees", or the fact of committing actions referred to in subparagraph "g" of paragraph 7 and sub-paragraph "g" of paragraph 8 of Article 76 of the Federal law "On Basic Guarantees", if such violations or actions were committed within a period not exceeding five years prior to the voting day.


9. If the period of limitation of the right to be elected as provided in paragraph 2 and 3 of part 8 of this Article shall expire during the election campaign before the election day, a citizen of the Russian Federation, whose right to be elected was restricted, has the right according to the law to be nominated as a candidate for those elections.


10. If the crime for which a citizen has been convicted is not recognized as a grave crime in accordance with the new criminal law, the restrictions of the right to be elected, stipulated by paragraph 1-3 of part 8 of this Article shall be terminated from the day of the new law entering into force.


11. If a serious crime for which a citizen has been convicted is treated by a new criminal law as a grave one or if a grave crime for which a citizen has been convicted is treated by a new criminal law as serious, the restrictions of the right to be elected, stipulated by paragraph 2 and 3 of part 8 of this Article shall be applied within 10 years from the date of cancelation or removal of the conviction.


12. A citizen who is sentenced by a court to loss of the right to hold public office for a specific period of time, provided such sentence has come into force, shall not be registered as a candidate for the elections of deputies if the voting is to take place before the expiration of the period for which the sentence here above has effect.


13. A citizen of the Russian Federation nominated as a candidate for election to the State Duma, including as a part of the federal list, by the time of submission of documents required for his registration, registration of the federal list, shall close the accounts (deposits), terminate the storage of cash and valuables in foreign banks located outside the territory of the Russian Federation and (or) dispose of foreign financial instruments.