Home > 4.2 Presidential elections > TURKEY - Opinion on the Amendments to the Constituion Adopted by the Grand National Assembly on 21 January 2017 and to be Submitted to a National Referendum on 16 April 2017
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Paragraph 53

At the same time, the President is expected to “represent the Republic of Turkey and the unity of the Turkish nation” and “ensure implementation of the Constitution and the regular and harmonious functioning of the organs of the State” (Article 104). The Venice Commission has doubts whether a person closely affiliated with a particular political party may assume, and be seen as assuming, this role. A symbolic, politically neutral presidency can hardly be reconciled with a politically engaged presidency (holding the whole of the executive power). The amended constitution has failed to make a choice between these two opposed visions.