According to the explanatory statement, the aim of the change of electoral system is to combine the advantages of both the majority and the proportional systems. According to the stated rationale of this reform, the amendments are intended to:
- Bring a remedy to the concerns on the perceived distance between elected representatives and their constituents;
- Help identify and develop new political leaders that will diversify political leadership and improve the national decision-making process;
- Provide fair representation of all citizens in Parliament, including those from the Transnistrian region and those from abroad.