As recently as the 2000 parliamentary elections, voters residing abroad temporarily were required to obtain voting certificates in order to have access to out-of-country voting facilities. The need for these citizens abroad, particularly refugees, to obtain voting certificates in order to have access to out-of-country voting facilities created substantial obstacles to their voting in national elections despite their constitutional right to do so.
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The VOTA database was created within the framework of the joint programme between the Venice Commission and the European Commission "Democracy through free and fair elections". It is managed jointly by the Secretariat of the Venice Commission and by the Mexican Electoral Tribunal of the Federal Judiciary (TEPJF).