This result is explainable by a ruling of the Constitutional Court during the 2000 elections. In that case, brought by a group of ethnic Serb voters residing abroad, the Court decided that the voter certificate requirement could be upheld only for persons with temporary, not “habitual”, or “longer-term”, residence abroad (This made it possible for longer-term residents abroad to use out-of-country voting facilities; but many refugees nonetheless would have lacked the necessary citizenship documents or other current evidence of eligibility in order to obtain ballots).
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The VOTA database was created within the framework of the joint programme between the Venice Commission and the European Commission "Democracy through free and fair elections". It is managed jointly by the Secretariat of the Venice Commission and by the Mexican Electoral Tribunal of the Federal Judiciary (TEPJF).