The Election Law conditions the right to be elected and to vote in all elections upon citizenship. The growing trend is for extension of the right to elect and be elected in local elections to non-citizens who have had lawful residence on the national territory of the country for a sufficient period of time. The period of five years is usually considered sufficient. Further, this right is guaranteed to foreign nationals residing in States that have ratified the Maastricht Treaty (Treaty on European Union). The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (Recommendation 1500 (2001)) and the Committee of Ministers (Recommendation R (2001) 19) have taken similar positions in urging member States to adopt the Convention on the Participation of Foreigners in Public Life at Local Level (ETS No. 144).
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The VOTA database was created within the framework of the joint programme between the Venice Commission and the European Commission "Democracy through free and fair elections". It is managed jointly by the Secretariat of the Venice Commission and by the Mexican Electoral Tribunal of the Federal Judiciary (TEPJF).